- Content Type
CAT Previous Year Tests Previous Year CAT tests for training you for the D-Day. Time yourself, race against the competition and win it! Online CAT 2008 - Question Paper & Solutions Online CAT ...
Geometry has some major theorems. One should be clear about them, the ones on similarity of triangles, congruency of triangles, pythagoras, area and volume formula. Kindly refer to a text book for revising such concepts, I would recommend to go through NCERT books (from fifth standard to tenth standard). Anyway let's look at an important concept here!
The major theorems which we always need are :
Theorem 1: Pythagoras Theorem : where are sides of a right angled triangle.
Clearly, C is the largest side, we call it hypotenuse.
The triplets of real numbers (a,b,c) which satisfy the above theorem is called pythagorean triplets. They are of real interest in all kinds of work.
Example 1: The length of one of the legs of a right triangle exceeds the length of the other leg by 10 cm but is smaller than that of the hypotenuse by 10 cm. Find the hypotenuse.
The obvious solution is ( I have jumped a step)
solving we have ( a can't be zero, its side of a
P.s : we have avoided the cumbersome assumption of sides as and
Tipster clue: See this, the smallest integer Pythagorean triplet is (3,4,5) so all numbers of the form (3k,4k,5k) will be Pythagorean!
Practice Problem 1: Find the sum of the lengths of the sides of a right angled triangle if the Circumradius=15 and inradius=6
Theorem 2: Sin law
where a,b,c are sides opposite and respectively and R is circumradius of Triangle ABC.
Very useful theorem, though we have entered the domain of trigonometry, but trigonometry, plane geometry and coordinate geometry are very important for each other to co exist.
Theorem 3: Cosine law
( the notations remain the same as Theorem 2). The theorem can be similarly used for other angles too.
Practice Problem 2: Find the angle between the diagonal of a rectangle with perimeter 2p and area
Example 2: Find the length of the base of an isosceles triangle with area S and vertical angle A.
How do we start with this, we can off course going to need some basic geometry knowledge. let me tell you all of it. First the vertical angle of an isosceles triangle is the angle between the two equal sides( unless otherwise mentioned). The Perpendicular dropped on the unequal side from the opposite vertex, bisects the vertical angle as well as bisects the side. It means if we have a triangle ABC with and perpendicular to then and .
The last thing we need is that area of a triangle is or for an isosceles triangle as
Now as AD bisects the vertical angle and then use
we can put the value of b from (1) and we are done !
Example 3: In Triangle ABC, AD,BE and CF are the medians which intersect at G. ABCH is trapezium with AH=5units , and BC=10units and Area( Tr BHC)=35 Sq units. Find the ratio of Area( BDFG): Area( ABCH). ( note we have H and C on same side of B )
Here we again need to know this. The three medians divide the triangle into three triangle of equal area . Also they divide it into three quadrilaterals of equal area. So
Next comes, the traingles drawn on the same base and between same parallel lines have equal area. Hence as we know the base BC, we know the altitude
so our ratio is
Image Credit: billjacobus1